Why Your Next Trip Might Be More Expensive Than Your Last

Earlier this summer, travel’s comeback, especially strong in domestic leisure locations, meant travelers often paid more for flights, resorts and rental cars. But the wave of coronavirus infections linked to the Delta variant has somewhat clouded predictions about costs remaining high.

When it comes to travel, consumer confidence is sagging. The marketing research firm Destination Analysts has been surveying 1,200 Americans weekly about their travel sentiments since March 2020 and by Aug. 9 found optimism had crashed 40 percent since early June, with only 20 percent of respondents feeling optimistic — a year-to-date low. The majority still believed road-tripping, outdoor activities and dining out were safe, but less than half considered flying, visiting an indoor attraction like a museum or taking an Uber safe.

Fall has traditionally been the season when leisure travel slackens, triggering lower shoulder season rates. Last year, virtual schooling and work-from-anywhere office policies extended the summer strength for many vacation destinations. Now, with rising vaccine rates, will flexible schedules continue to allow travelers to change their Zoom backgrounds this fall, or will fear of the Delta variant and in-person work or learning curtail it? We looked into travel’s murky crystal ball to find out how prices will fare in the future.

Airfares edge down

Airfares took off this summer, as domestic travelers returned to the skies in force. The Consumer Price Index, a monthly measure of the change in average prices paid for consumer goods, showed airline fares rose 7 percent between April and May, after a nearly 3 percent increase in June. They stabilized, down .1 percent, in July.

But as travelers consider the threat of the Delta variant, many are canceling their plans. Southwest Airlines, in a recent regulatory filing, said leisure traffic and fares were above July 2019 levels, but downshifted its outlook for third quarter profitability, stating, “The Company has recently experienced a deceleration in close-in bookings and an increase in close-in trip cancellations in August 2021, which are believed to be driven by the recent rise in Covid-19 cases associated with the Delta variant.”

While many had predicted a comeback for business travel in fall, coronavirus variants may stall that recovery, putting more downward pressure on airfares. United Airlines, for instance, plans to operate 26 percent fewer flights in the third quarter compared to the same period in 2019.

In keeping with prepandemic patterns, the booking app Hopper is predicting that fall leisure airfares will ease back as leisure travelers figure out how to vacation with the virus. It expects a 10 percent drop in domestic airfares in the fall, a figure in line with 2018 and 2019 patterns, and forecasts the average domestic round-trip ticket at $260, compared to $288 this summer.

Location predicts hotel rates

In some popular leisure destinations, hotels didn’t just match prepandemic levels of activity, they exceeded 2019 figures. That pushed rates to $141 on average nationally for a night in a hotel room over the past month, according to the lodging analyst firm STR, compared with $100 last August and $135 in the same period in 2019.

Rates in big cities, however, remained lower — New York City is at roughly $205 on average compared to $240 in 2019 — but prices in Hawaii, the Florida Keys and Myrtle Beach, S.C., blew past prepandemic norms. The August 2019 four-week average in the Florida Keys, for example, was $239 compared to $408 this month.

The popularity — and expense — of leisure destinations that travelers can drive to “looks to continue to fall,” said Christopher K. Anderson, a professor of operations management at Cornell University’s hotel school.

Normally fall business travel picks up where summer leisure travel falls off. But many experts think the Delta variant may slow the progression to in-person meetings and events.

“I expect regions that historically depend on a lot of business travel and a lot of international leisure travel, like New York City, will still be very soft demand- and price-wise in late 2021 through 2022,” Mr. Anderson said.

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While deals remain in the largest U.S. cities, Hopper advises looking for extra last-minute price cuts, indicating rates are down on average 13 percent two weeks from check-in.

Vacation rentals surge

If you’ve tried to book a vacation home at the beach or in the mountains in the United States this summer, you’ve probably already experienced sticker shock as prices on average nationally were up about 20 percent compared to 2019 rates, according to AirDNA, which analyzes short-term rental markets.

In popular places like Park City, Utah, and around Joshua Tree National Park in California, rents went up 50 percent.

In July, short-term rental occupancy hit 84 percent in the busiest destinations, including Myrtle Beach and Cape Cod, Mass. The average rate among rentals — which run the gamut from shared rooms to mansions — was $294 in July, up 21 percent compared to July 2019.

Beach and resort destinations like these are “the types of destinations that short-term rentals are great at accommodating,” said Jamie Lane, the head of research for AirDNA, noting that urban rentals remain down 30 to 35 percent compared to prepandemic demand. Some, such as Boston and Los Angeles, are off 50 percent.

“It looks like the rise of the Delta variant will delay the recovery in urban locations, but we don’t expect much impact in the rest of the country,” Mr. Lane said, noting that vacation rentals converted many new travelers during the pandemic who sought more space and more amenities for longer stays.

Holiday bookings are already pushing up rates with hosts who use Guesty, a short-term rental property management platform. Bookings are up nearly 250 percent compared to last November and December and 54 percent higher than those months in 2019. At Thanksgiving, average nightly rates are 68 percent higher compared to the prepandemic year, at $436.

The numbers, said Vered Raviv Schwarz, president and chief operating officer of Guesty, show “that consumers are willing to travel amid the threat of exposure to variants, and pay more in the process,” driven by pent-up demand for travel.

Ground transportation costs fluctuate

Over the summer, whether you wanted to rent a car or take an Uber, transportation costs climbed.

Rental car rates jumped 73 percent between July 2020 and 2021, according to the Consumer Price Index as agencies that had shed their inventory at the onset of the pandemic were hard-pressed to replenish it when travelers returned.

Now, with summer vacations ending, prices are returning to earth. I recently rented a car for a weekend in Los Angeles in September for $133, in line with prepandemic prices.

But Jonathan Weinberg, the founder of Autoslash, a service that searches for cheap rental rates, said that “the reasonable pricing expected in the fall and winter is not likely to last,” citing cars in circulation that are approaching high mileage levels and would need to be sold. Replenishing them may remain a challenge based on semiconductor supplies used in cars for things like brake sensors and parking cameras.

Rideshare platforms such as Uber and Lyft are more expensive this summer, too, in part because some drivers don’t want to return to the road, citing health concerns. To entice them, the services raised their fares through surge pricing used at high-demand times.

According to Rakuten Intelligence, which analyzes purchases from more than a million online shoppers, year-over-year cost growth for ridesharing was up 26 percent in July 2021.

Until drivers come back, one way to avoid surge pricing is to try a service that doesn’t charge it. These include traditional taxis, which have their own apps, including Curb; the rideshare start-up Holoholo, which operates on five islands in Hawaii; and Wingz, which offers airport rides and other services in more than a dozen U.S. cities, including San Francisco and Dallas.

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