Are Covid hospitalisations in England increasing once again?

Are Covid hospitalisations in England increasing again? Official data shows admissions have risen for first time in a fortnight – but experts say it could be a blip

  • Some 747 people in England went to hospital with Covid on Wednesday August 4, official figures show
  • The figure is 2.5 per cent higher than the 728 who sought NHS care for the virus on the previous Wednesday
  • It marks the first time hospitalisations increased since they began steadily declining on July 27
  • Experts told MailOnline the jump is linked to July 19, when all legal Covid restrictions were lifted in England

Covid hospitalisations in England may already be on the rise again, official data suggests amid another uptick in infections. 

The seven-day average of admissions had fallen between July 27 and August 3, sparking hopes that the worst of the third wave was behind the country.

But Government statistics show rates have crept up since then, which scientists say may be a sign of last month’s so-called ‘Freedom Day’, which saw people allowed to pack into restaurants and bars without masks and mix freely indoors.

Others, however, warned it was too early to hit the panic button and that it may just be a blip in the data.

NHS England statistics show there were 747 admissions on Wednesday, August 4, the most recent day figures are available for.

This corresponded to a rolling seven-day average of 679.9, which was the first time it had ticked upwards since July 27.

But the figure was still 15.5 per cent below the previous Wednesday, when the average stood at 785.1.  

Hospitalisation figures lag behind trends in infection rates due to the time it takes for someone to catch the virus and become ill enough to need NHS care.

The seven-day rolling average of people being admitted to hospital each day in England (orange line) had been dropping steadily since July 27. But figures from last Wednesday show a further 747 people went into hospital with Covid (blue bars), a rise from 680 people one day earlier – a 2.5 per cent increase

Coronavirus cases have increased for the third day in a row with Department of Health bosses today declaring a further 27,429 infections, a increase of 12 per cent on last Sunday’s figure of  24,470.

The number of people dying with the virus has decreased to 39 – a decrease of 40 per cent from 65 last Sunday.   

Hospital admissions fell to 742 as of Tuesday, a 18.6 per cent decrease from the 912 people hospitalised in the previous week.

Britain’s total infections have now risen up to 6,069,362, while 130,320 people who have tested positive have lost their life to the virus since the start of the pandemic.

It comes after scientists claimed Britain will not need another lockdown to stop another Covid wave overwhelming the NHS this winter after official data showed the outbreak is shrinking.

The Office for National Statistics claimed 722,300 people were infected on any given day in the seven-day spell ending July 31 — the equivalent of one in 75 people. This marked a 15 per cent drop on the week before, when the toll was upwards of 850,000. 

And SAGE member ‘Professor Lockdown’ Neil Ferguson — who’s grim modelling led to the first lockdown — said he now believes the pandemic is something the UK will be able to manage with vaccines rather than ‘crisis measures’.

He told The Times: ‘I think it’s unlikely we will need a new lockdown or even social distancing measures of the type we’ve had so far.’

 

Day-to-day counts can fluctuate heavily, meaning the seven-day average paints a much clearer picture about the true state of play in NHS hospitals. 

Vaccines have changed the game in the fight against Covid, with ministers last month feeling confident enough to drop the remaining legal restrictions in England. 

But the jabs are not perfect, and have only slashed the risk of infected people becoming seriously ill and needing medical treatment — not removed it completely.

The effects of the vaccines can be clearly seen in the data for the third wave, which saw hospital admissions peak at around 790 on July 27. 

For comparison, the figure breached 4,000 during the darkest days of the second wave in January and stood at more than 3,000 in England’s first battle with the disease.

This is despite the number of people testing positive for the disease being largely similar, especially in the second and third wave.

People seeking hospital care dropped consistently at the end of July and beginning of August, falling to a seven-day average of 677 people being admitted on Tuesday, August 3.

The daily NHS England figures — which do not break down admissions by age or vaccination status — show that rates now appear to be on the rise again.

Around a quarter of patients being admitted aren’t actually being treated primarily for Covid because the figures include everyone who tests positive. 

And many of those who do end up becoming ill actually catch the virus after attending NHS facilities for another reason.   

It coincides with the rise in the number of positive tests which began filtering through into the daily data towards the end of July, which experts partly blamed on July 19’s easing of restrictions. 

Dr David Strain, a senior clinical lecturer in medicine for older adults at the University of Exeter, told MailOnline the numbers follow on from rules being relaxed three weeks ago.

He said: ‘This is the rise in numbers we would’ve expected to start to see after the July 19 easing of restrictions. 

‘The biggest concern is the number of younger patients that are in hospital and potentially needing intensive care.

‘This highlights how effective the vaccine has been at reducing hospitalisations and death in the elderly, but also the need to get young adults vaccinated as soon as possible, before universities and colleges restart, and more normal mixing resumes.’

Professor Jonathan Ball, a virologist at the University of Nottingham, claimed low hospitalisation rates will lead to fluctuations in daily figures.

He said: ‘We know that hospital figures tend to lag behind case numbers. 

‘When you have relatively low numbers of hospitalisations as we have now, small fluctuations in numbers are more noticeable. It will be important to understand the longer-term trend. 

‘We are seeing relatively more younger people admitted to hospital as these were the last group to be vaccinated, but on the whole these people will be less likely to suffer severe disease and their stay in hospital should be short. 

‘The rapid turnover in admissions will also lead to lumpy data.’

Regarding Covid infection numbers, he added: ‘As we came out of lockdown and as people start to mix more, we may well see increases in infection rate.

‘But the main thing is that vaccines are breaking the link between infection and serious disease for most people. 

‘We will see fluctuations in numbers and we are likely to see outbreaks in future. But hopefully vaccines will continue to protect the vast majority.’

But Professor Paul Hunter, an infectious disease expert at the University of East Anglia, warned a single day figure may not mean a lot because they can vary quite a lot day to day.

Figures released later today will give a much cleared picture on the trend in admissions, he told MailOnline. 

Professor Kevin McConway, an expert in applied statistics at the Open University, told MailOnline it’s ‘really much too early to say whether this is an indication that numbers are going up’.

And he said he is ‘not hugely concerned yet’ on the rise in Covid cases.

Professor McConway said: ‘First, it’s not yet clear that the rates are rising. There’s a great deal of day-to-day variation, and if that is smoothed out by looking at seven-day averages, they are still going down (though not very fast). 

‘I think it’s fairer to say that the decline has flattened off and that the level of new cases is very roughly static. 

‘And though I’d rather that wasn’t the case, it doesn’t really surprise me. There’s been enough time now for the lifting of restrictions in England on July 19 to feed through into new cases. 

‘But really it’s too early to be sure of the trends, and the daily case counts can anyway be affected by biases because of how many people are being tested and why they come forward for test.’

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