China has pledged to distribute any successful coronavirus vaccine it develops as a global public health good, signing up to the World Health Organisation's COVAX platform rejected by the United States.
It will join Australia and 170 other countries on the COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access Facility as universities and medical research centres race to develop a vaccine for the disease that has killed more than 1 million people around the world.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying.Credit:AP
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said on Friday the pandemic still posed a severe threat to the safety and health of people in all countries.
"To that end, we have solemnly pledged to make vaccines developed and deployed by China a global public good, which will be provided to developing countries as a priority," she said.
"We are taking this concrete step to ensure equitable distribution of vaccines, especially to developing countries, and hope more capable countries will also join and support COVAX."
The country has ramped up its vaccine diplomacy in recent months, running trials of four potential vaccines in its own provinces and abroad through its economic partners in Pakistan, Indonesia and South America.
The announcement on Friday is set to further sideline the United States from the United Nations' top health body. The White House cut off funding to the WHO in April after accusing it of being too close to the Chinese Communist Party.
Australian Health Minister Greg Hunt said on September 23 that being part of COVAX gave Australia, the Pacific and south-east Asia the best chance of accessing a safe and effective vaccine.
“Whoever finds a COVID-19 vaccine must share it," he said. "Australia signing up to the COVAX Facility is an important part of our commitment to this principle.”
US Health Secretary Alex Azar said in Taiwan in August that he expected his country to have hundreds of millions of doses of a "gold safety standard vaccine" ready by the beginning of next year. The US has six vaccines under contract but has not committed publicly to distributing a successful one around the world.
The WHO estimates the introduction of a vaccine will stop the global economy losing $522 billion each month.
Global health experts have urged major economies to make providing vaccines to developing countries a priority.
Australian National COVID-19 commissioner Jane Halton said vulnerable people around the world should be vaccinated before wealthy countries immunise their entire populations.
"If you vaccinate wealthy countries first, you will cut deaths by a third," she told the ABC on Monday.
"If you vaccinate the vulnerable around the world, you will cut deaths by two-thirds."
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