World War 3 concerns have been raised after rockets were launched on US and UK camps in Iraq, allegedly wounding civilians from surrounding villages on Tuesday. Democratic presidential candidates also claimed US President Donald Trump was recklessly speeding towards war with Iran during a debate last night. And now European powers have issued a formal dispute against Iran.
Iran has gradually lifted all limits on its production of enriched uranian, which can be used to make reactor fuel but also nuclear weapons.
The Middle Eastern country has claimed it is entitled to do so in response to sanction reinstated by the US when Donald Trump withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal in 2018.
However, France, Germany and the UK have said they do not accept Iran’s argument.
In order to protect the agreement and attempt to stop Iran, the European powers have triggered a dispute mechanism, set out in article 36 of the deal.
The mechanism essentially means the dispute will be referred to a Joint Commission that will have a minimum of 15 days to resolve the issue.
The joint statement reads: “Our hope is to bring Iran back into full compliance with its commitments under the JCPOA.”
If the complainants are not satisfied at the conclusion of this period, the issue can be deferred to the UN Security Council, which could vote to reimpose any sanctions lifted under the deal.
Many experts believe this move, while an attempt to prevent all-out war, could well be the move which spells out the end and leads to World War 3.
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Iran has accused the European nations of abusing the process.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said: “The usage of the dispute mechanism is legally baseless and a strategic mistake from a political standpoint.”
The Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said the Iran nuclear deal should be replaced.
Mr Johnson has recognised US concerns that the 2015 deal was “flawed”, but has underlined the need for a solution to preventing Tehran from acquiring nuclear weapons.
Speaking to BBC Breakfast he said: “If we’re going to get rid of it then we need a replacement. Let’s replace it with the Trump deal.”
However, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has dismissed the proposed new “Trump deal” aimed at resolving the growing nuclear conflict.
He has said it was a “strange” offer and has criticised President Trump for breaking promises.
In a televised speech, the Iranian President told Washington to return to the 2015 nuclear pact between Tehran and world powers, adding that Iran could reverse its moves to scale back its commitments under the pact.
Given the escalated tensions between Iran, the US and Europe, it seems likely World War 3 would break out between these countries.
Since the killing of the Iranian military commander Qasem Soleimani, Iran has sworn “harsh revenge” calling the action a “declaration of war”.
On January 8, Iran shot down a Ukrainian passenger airliner killing 176 civilians and since other countries, including Canada which lost 57 nationals in the Iran plane crash have sworn to seek “justice”.
Protesters in Tehran have staged daily rallies in Tehran since Saturday when authorities admitted to brining down the Ukranian plane after days of denial.
Iran’s president called the plane disaster an “unforgivable error”, the military has issued profuse apologies and the judiciary said it had arrested some of those accused of having a role in the crash, in the effort to quell public outrage.
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But where else could World War 3 be fought?
Tensions between Iran and Israel have been tense for years with low-level warfare raging across the Middle East as a result.
The relationship between the US and Turkey has worsened in the last year as a result of the US authorising Turkey to clear Kurds from the Syrian border and then threatening Ankara with sanctions.
The disputed Kashmir region has caused frustration between India and Pakistan for the past 10 years and in 2019 when the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attempted to reduce the autonomy of Kashmire and change citizenship policies to fit with the rest of India tensions escalated once again.
The US and North Korea have been at loggerheads since 2017 and the impending 2020 US election is risking worsening the relationship further.
While President Trump appears to hold out hope a deal will be struck with North Korea which could improve his administration’s electoral hopes, North Korea has shown no interest in Mr Trump’s offer.
The US and China have been in a particularly tense trade war for almost two years and the dispute has seen the US and China impose tariffs worth hundreds of billions of dollars on one another’s goods.
President Trump has accused China of unfair trading practices and intellectual property theft, while China has said the US is attempting to curb its rise as a global economic power.
Russia’s defence ministry launched 30 warships and 40 aircrafts to test their Kalibr cruise missiles in a military test last week.
The move demonstrated some of Russia’s most dangerous missile weaponry and indicated the country is ready for a higher-stakes world war.
Additionally, given Russia’s proximity and interests in the Middle East, it is very likely the country would become involved if any country were to jeopardise that.
Is there going to be a WW3?
The world has been on high alert since the assassination of Qasem Soleimani.
Iran has pulled out of a nuclear deal and President Trump has threatened to hit the country harder should Iran retaliate against the US.
Mr Trump tweeted: “Should Iran strike any US person or target, the United States will quickly & fully strike back, & perhaps in a disproportionate manner.”
World War Three has been trending on Twitter and Google during 2020, but will it actually happen?
There is no way to confirm a world war will take place.
However, despite rampant speculation about WW3 erupting, the US and Iran are known for spouting rhetoric about revenge, but whether that will be followed through will decisive action is to be determined.
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